A Brief History of the Institution
Peradeniya National College of Education which aspires to become the Nation’s Centre for Excellence in English Education is the heir to one of the oldest teacher training traditions in Sri Lanka, as the successor to the English Specialist Teachers’ Training College which was established in 1961 at the site of the former Teachers’ Colony set up at Rose Hill Estate in Penideniya, Peradeniya by British missionaries. It is the 18th and the youngest of the National Colleges of Education in Sri Lanka and holds a unique position among them being the only in-service teacher training facility. Today, the College conducts a range of English language programmes including a two-year teacher training programme, a certificate course for educational administrators and an advanced course in language and pedagogy for senior English language teachers. The current participant population stands at 300. Currently medium of instructions are available in English, Sinhala and Tamil.
Peradeniya National College of Education is located 8 km from the city of Kandy. The access to the College premises is through the old Gampola road, from the turn off near Peradeniya Railway Station, a key junction on the Colombo-Badulla upcountry railway line. Peradeniya is 110 km from Colombo, the current commercial capital of the Island and can be reached within three to four hours by road or by train. The nearest railway station is Peradeniya (Penideniya) which is located 500 metres from the College. There is a frequent bus service between Kandy and Penideniya.
The College is situated in Peradeniya, on a hill formerly known as Rose Hill Estate. The College covers about 12 hectares of land and one gets a breathtaking view of the Hantana range from most of the places in the College, especially as one passes the administrative block and from the summit of the hill.
The developed area is about 8 hectares while the rest of the land remains grasslands and shrubs. There are 15 buildings within the premises consisting of buildings of the classrooms, a language laboratory, an Information Communications Technology laboratory, a library, dining halls, halls of residence (in two separate blocks for males and females), staff bungalows, a playground and a Buddhist shrine room. One also finds the Kandy Teachers’ Centre, the Kandy Regional English Support Centre, the Kandy Field Science Centre and the Sri Lanka-India Centre for English Language Teaching within the College premises. The seasonal changes at the College are marginal as there are evergreen trees everywhere. The flowers and creepers that bloom in April add to the natural beauty of the College environment. Most of the College premises as well as the Hantana range can be viewed from the new auditorium complex that is being constructed. Students who enjoy hiking in their leisure time have a range of choices, Hantana being the favorite.
The elevation of the College area above the mean sea level ranges from around 500 meters at the entrance to nearly 550 meters at the summit of the hill. The College has a salubrious climate peculiar to the Kandyan region. The temperature ranges from 18 to 30 degrees centigrade with an average of around 25 degrees during the year. During March and April the climate is warm and humid, while in December and January the nights are chilly and the mornings shrouded in mist. As Peradeniya lies within the wet zone of the hill country, the climate is generally wet. The average annual rainfall is about 2,300 mm with a short dry spell in January and February.